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Balai Chand Mukhopadhyay (Bengali: বলাইচাঁদ মুখোপাধ্যায়) (1899–1979) was a Bengali novelist, short story writer, playwright, poet, and physician who wrote under the pen name of Banaphul (Bengali: বনফুল) (meaning “the wild flower” in Bengali). He was a recipient of the civilian honour of the Padma Bhushan.He got d.lit(Doctor of literature)

Mukhopadhyay was born in Manihari village of Purnia district (now Katihar District), Bihar on 19 July 1899. His father, Satyacharan Mukhopadhyay, was a doctor, and his mother was Mrinalini Devi. He originally took the pen name Banaphul (“the wild flower”) to hide his literary activities from a disapproving teacher. He attended Hazaribag College and was later admitted in the Calcutta Medical College. He was assigned to Patna Medical College and Hospital after completing his medical degree, and later practised at Azimgaunge Hospital and worked as a pathologist at Bhagalpur. He moved to Salt Lake, Calcutta, in 1968, and died there on 9 February 1979.

He is most noted for his short vignettes, often just half-page long, but his body of work spanned sixty five years and included “thousands of poems, 586 short stories, 60 novels, 5 dramas, a number of one-act plays, an autobiography called Paschatpat (Background), and numerous essays.

Film adaptation of his literature

  • Agnishwar
  • Bhuvan Shome
  • Ekti Raat
  • Alor Pipasa
  • Hatey Bazarey
  • Arjun Pandit(He received the Filmfare Award for Best Story for this film)
  • Tilottama
  • Paka Dekha